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cambodia_flag
Official name: The Kingdom of Cambodia
 
The flag: Since around 1850, the Cambodian flag has featured a depiction of Angkor Wat in the center with red coulor and blue border
 
Capital: Phnom Penh
 
Government: Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy
 
King: HM Norodom Sihamoni
 
Prime minister: Mr. Samdech Hun Sen
 
Population: 15,205,539 million (2013)
 
Local time: GMT + 7
 
Area: 181,035 km2/ 69,898 sq. miles
 
Drives on the: Right
 
Religions: Buddhism: 85%; Christianity: 8%, Caodaism: 3%; Other: 4%
 
Ethnics: 90% Khmer, Other 10%: Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham and Khmer Loeu
 
Official Languages: Khmer
 
Other Languages: French, Vietnamese, English, Thai, and several regional dialects.
 
Calling code: 855
 
Independence: November 09th, 1953 from France
 
Internet Code: .kh
 
Voltage: 230V AC, 50 HZ
 
Currency: Riel (KHR)
Notes: 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10000
Coins: 50, 100, 200, 500
 
Geography: The country borders Thailand to its west and northwest, Laos to its northeast, and Vietnam to its east and southeast. In the south it faces the Gulf of Thailand. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong river (colloquial Khmer: Tonle Thom or "the great river") and the Tonlé Sap ("the fresh water lake"), an important source of fish.
 
WEATHER
 
The temperature of Cambodia normally varies between 10° and 38° Celsius and sees tropical monsoons. Southwest monsoons drift inland that brings moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Thailand from the month of May to October. The northeast monsoon accompanies in the dry season that lasts from November to March. Weather in Cambodia portrays the densest rainfall between the months of September to October including driest period during January to February.
 
Weather in Cambodia differs in two different seasons. The rainy season starts from May and ends at October. You can see the temperatures rising equal to 40° Celsius around April. It comes generally with high humidity. The dry season starts from the month of November and ends in the month of April when temperatures directly comes down to 22° Celsius. Therefore, keeping in mind about the Weather in Cambodia, you must visit Cambodia from November to January.
 
On the positive aspect of monsoonal temperature, Cambodia is a most stunning and beautiful country to tour in. The dust of the road has turned to mud recently and the verdant greenery of the country can be seen everywhere. Angkor Wat of Cambodia is best visited in the wet season. Locally, the Cardamom Mountains of Cambodia receives the heaviest rain in the Cambodia at the time the entire coastline becomes coarse seas and loads of rain.
 
Therefore, Weather in Cambodia is actually a tropical climate that makes this place warm and humid. The perennial tropical climate helps Cambodia to be perfect for becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination.
 
TOURISM INFORMATION
 
Angkor
Angkor the 'Great City', and former capital of ancient Khmer Empire with its many temple complex portray a spectacular picture of religious Hindus. It comprises not only temples like Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom but Roluos and hundreds of other magnificent temples. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, which existed for Seven Centuries before being abandoned in 1431. Although the former glory do not exist yet it remains a manifestation of mystic beauty and many artistic sculptured temples. The decorated gates of Bayon and The Prohm, the two most beautiful temples are recommended for every tourist.
 
Phnom Penh
The 'Capital City' of Cambodia resides on the confluence of the three rivers, the Mekong, the Tonle Sap and Bassac. Just a few paces away from Tonle Sap lies the Royal Palace. The Palace itself has several other buildings like 'The Throne Room' used for coronation of kings and other regal ceremonies, 'The Napoleon Pavilion' and the magnificent 'Silver Pagoda'. One should visit these places specially the 'Silver Pagoda' and watch the awe-inspiring emerald Buddha and other life size Buddha statues made of solid gold, studded with precious gems including a huge diamond. Other miniature Buddha figures of gold and silver also throng the place. Scenes from the Khmer version of the great Hindu epic of 'Ramayana' are painted on the palace walls. The National Museum, built of red bricks, contains Khmer sculptures and frescos depicting scenes from Pre-Angkor and Post-Angkor periods. The Markets of Phnom Penh should also remain high on tourist agenda. You will get gold and silver jewellery, food, fabrics, antique coins, exquisite paintings and clothing too. One should also check out the first pagoda, called Wat Phnom, containing four statues of Buddha.
 
Ratnakiri
The province of Ratnakiri is just a few kilometers away from Phnom Pehn. This place is famous for its natural pristine beauty. The slumbering hamlets atop a plateau are truly charming with its undulating mountains, blue delectable hills, crystal clear lakes and lowlands. The lush greenery crowded with densely canopied impenetrable wildlife rich jungles offers wonderful opportunities for Eco-tourism.
 
Sihanoukville
Sihanoukville is Cambodia's only port and an upcoming beach resort. It is dotted by three beaches and promises you great fun through snorkelling, scuba diving, swimming and sun bathing. One can also go for boat trips to nearby islands in the sparkling waters and watch the fish's fishy antics all the way.
 
Battambang
An exquisitely painted scenery-Battambang, the second largest city of Cambodia, is just 181 kilometers from Phnom Penh. Like Ratnakiri, even Battambang exudes a charm unrivalled by any other place in Cambodia. The city enveloped in a haze of green and gold countryside, provides you with visiting sites like a museum, cluster of French shops to check out antique goods and a beautiful Hindu temple built from Angkorian ruin Ek Phnom. The emerald green exquisite countryside that you will witness in midst of these places, will provide a real feast to your eyes.
 
Tonle Sap lake
For those which like a deep discovery of a country, the road of the lake, as well as a ballade in boat with the meeting of the villages of sins floating, are visits impossible to circumvent as well as the temples. It is one of the places or one is with the more meadows of the Cambodian everyday life and their reality. Here, all the life proceeds around water. Very full of fish, paradise of the sinners, it shelters lake villages since the night of times. Most of the goods arrive by the lake and it is the lung of Siem Reap, because the main roads to join the other cities are in too bad condition. It is the largest lake of Cambodia and its "feeder mother".
 
TRANSPORTATION
 
Air travellers enter Cambodia through Phnom Penh’s Pochentong Airport or Siem Reap Angkor International Airport. Both airports are quite modern. The two-storey one in Phnom Penh even offers a First/Business Class Lounge on the first floor at the International Terminal, near to the main boarding gates. Inside is an assortment of services and modern conveniences including wireless internet. Economy passengers can use the lounge for a nominal fee.
 
Pochentong Airport offers plenty of other amenities including lost luggage services in Arrivals at the International Terminal, currency exchange, a post office and a smoking lounge. Restaurants and bars include Caffé Ritazza and Angkor Pub in the International Terminal; Café Select in the Domestic Departure Lounge; and a food court outside the International Terminal. Shopping is light but good, with a bookstore, two duty-free outlets and a Khmer handicrafts shop.
 
The airport serves well over a million passengers annually with a capacity for two million. There are 22 check-in counters and 6 gates, serving 10 international and 3 domestic destinations with 20 airlines. There are 380 parking spaces with parking available for up to 4 hours.
 
Siem Reap Airport is equally impressive. It has capacity to serve 1.5 million passengers and nearly meets this capacity annually. Although tiny and with just one floor, the airport is very pleasant and has a bookstore and a charming boutique selling souvenirs and other goods. There are less than 200 parking spaces, most at the International Terminal.
 
There are plenty of ways to move around Cambodia and the best choice for long distances is by air. There are good and frequent connections between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap on President Air and Siem Reap Airways.
 
Local buses can also provide an exciting means of travel and are good for those on a budget. The popular Mekong Express provides a luxury bus ride for just US$6 between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap every day. There are other companies offering the same route as well. You can also get between the capital and Siem Reap via boat in just 5 hours for about $US25.
 
The best way to see the country at your leisure is to hire a car and driver. You could drive yourself but it probably wouldn’t be as pleasant as having someone else drive you, especially through heavy traffic. Hiring a motorbike is great for short distances and to see rural areas, but be sure you know what you’re doing!
 
Getting around in cities is best done by motorbike or by hiring a cyclo or a taxi. Walking can be fun if it’s not too hot and you know the distances and where you are going. However, many of the sights and attractions in Siem Reap are too far apart for walking.
 
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